British playwright and poet Harold Pinter, whose juxtaposition of the brutal and the banal resulted in an adjective that bears his name, won the 2005 Nobel Prize in literature Friday.
The Swedish Academy, awarding the prize, said he was an author who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression’s closed rooms. In its citation, the academy said the 75-year-old playwright whose works include The Room, The Birthday Party, and The Dumb Waiter and his breakthrough work, The Caretaker was one who restored the art form of writing plays.
Pinter restored theatre to its basic elements: an enclosed space and unpredictable dialogue where people are at the mercy of each other and pretense crumbles, the academy said. Pinter is the first Briton to win the literature award since V.S. Naipaul in 2001. The son of a Jewish dressmaker, he has been a fierce critic of the war in Iraq.
Harold Pinter's officel website: